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9699 generator-transformer protection relay

9699 generator-transformer protection relay


The 9699 differential protection relay of Generator-transformer set is mainly suitable for medium and small generator transformer set differential protection.One generator and one transformer use 9699A generator transformer differential protection,two generator and one transformer use the 9699B generator-transformer set,The generator transformer protection relay is composed completely of 9681 main transformer high backup protection relay and 9689 generator grounding protection relay.
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 The 9699 protection function of generator transformer protection relay 

     Differential instantaneous trip protection,
     Proportional differential protection (with two harmonic brake, CT disconnection)
     CT line-break alarm
     Y/△ Compensation 
     Non electricity protection- 
    Hydraulic accidents-trip
    Excitation accident-trip.
    Electrical accident-trip
    BTZWS-trip
 
BTZWS-alarm
      Super high temperature-trip
      temperature increment-alarm
      Pressure release (throw - trip; back alarm).
      Transverse differential protection(Each phase of the generator is protected by a generator consisting of parallel windings.).
 
Measurement and control function
    High side current:IA、IB、IC;
    Low side current:Ia、Ib、Ic;
    Differential current:DIa、DIb、DIc;
 
auxiliary function    
Fault recording 
 communication mode 
    485communication
    Ethernet communication
    Optical fiber communication
 
 The action principle of 9699 generator transformer differential protection relay protection 
 Longitudinal differential instantaneous trip protection     
The longitudinal differential instantaneous trip protection  is essentially a reflection of the fast motion caused by the current difference on both sides of the generator.Used to ensure that fast operated to trip for a serious fault occurs within the generator or the external side of the transformer on both sides or  the CT short circuit .Protective action criterion:
Icd >Isd 
     among:Icd is the actual differential current between two sides of the same phase CT,Isd is differential instantaneous trip current setting value
   Any of the three phases is satisfied Icd >Isd  then differential protection act and trip all the switches of the main switch of the main switch
     Differential current in practical operation=  Id + Iww 
Ratio differential protection (with CT line-break blocking function)
     The protection of the use of split phase, that is, A, B, C any phase of the protection of the action are exported, the following criteria are in a phase as an example
     Rate differential element protection action when the following types are set up at the same time
The 9699 differential protection relay of generator-transformer set
     among:Id、Iw is respectively the current of the end and tail of the machine.
     Isd is differential instantaneous trip current setting value;Icdqd is differential protection threshold setting value;
     Izd is Brake current;
     Ie is Rated current of generator
     Differential protection of ratio braking: 
    Icd>Icdqd    Icd>K1*Izd   (There is relationship between or)
     among:Icd is Differential current,Izd is Brake current,K1 is Ratio brake coefficient.
Icdqd is Differential current threshold constant value      Icd=| Id+Iw |    Izd=| Id一Iw |/2
     Simple calculation in debugging:
     If the proportional differential act,then Icd=| Id+Iw | > Icdqd;
     Also meet:Icd=| Id+Iw | > K1*Izd = K1* | Id一Iw |/2
     On the formula takes into account the vector calculation, if only the calculation of numerical values.  Then the upper inequality is:Icd=| Id - Iw | > Icdqd;
     Icd=| Id - Iw | > K1*Izd = K1* | Id + Iw |/2
     way one:if Id > Iw ;
       then satisfied:Id > Iw +Icdqd;Id > Iw*(2+ K1)/(2- K1) Ratio differential act
     way two:if Id < Iw ;
         then satisfied:Iw > Id +Icdqd;Iw > Id*(2+ K1)/(2- K1) Ratio differential act
CT line-break
In order to prevent the CT line-break, the protection is false action, the device with the software set up the delay CT line-break alarm and instantaneous  CT line-break protection function
    1) Delay CT line-break  alarm,When any phase of the difference is greater than 0.15Ie for more than 10 seconds, the CT signal is sent out, but the differential protection is not locked, which is also a self checking function of the AC sampling circuit of the protection device.
    2)  Instantaneous CT line-break alarm:In the process of fault measurement, the CT line-break is not performed to satisfy any of the following conditions:
        The maximum phase current is less than 0.2Ie before starting and the maximum phase current is greater than 1.2Ie
    3) A side current simultaneously meets the following conditions considered to be CT line-break
Only one phase current is zero; the other phase current is equal to the starting current.
Note: the protection of electricity exports are3J(C7、C8)、4J(C9、C10)、5J(C11、C12);
       Non electricity protection exports are 6J(C13、C14)、7J(C15、C16)、8J(C17、C18);
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209585994

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